* Adolescent values, estimates for adolescents aged 19 years.
§ Child values, estimates for children aged 5 years.
† Adult values, age-standardised estimates for adults aged 20 years and older for BMI, 30-79 years for hypertension and its treatment, and 18 years and older for diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
Children and adolescents: Moderate/severe underweight refers to -2SD below the median of the WHO growth reference. Underweight refers to -1SD below. Overweight refers to 1SD above. Obesity refers to 2SD above.
Adults: Underweight refers to BMI <18.5 kg/m². Obesity refers to BMI ≥30 kg/m². Severe obesity refers to BMI ≥35 kg/m². Morbid obesity refers to BMI ≥40 kg/m².
Diabetes is defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, or history of diagnosis with diabetes, or use of insulin or oral hypoglycaemic drugs.
Raised BP is defined as SBP ≥140 mmHg, or DBP ≥90 mmHg.
Hypertension is defined as SBP ≥140 mmHg, DBP ≥90 mmHg, or taking medication for hypertension.
Hypertension diagnosis and treatment are defined as the proportion of all people with hypertension who had been diagnosed or taking medication for hypertension, respectively. Hypertension control is defined as the proportion of all people with hypertension whose SBP <140 mmHg and DBP <90 mmHg.
HDL: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Non-HDL: non-HDL cholesterol; TC: total cholesterol.